he fought the Spaniards in many battles to defend his capital Bakat several times, but he lost it eventually in 1886.

He signed a peace treaty with the Spaniards in 1887.

Date of Birth: 1860
Place of Birth: Buayan, Maguindanao
Date of Death: 1888

Values Exhibited:

Learning Message:

Kailangan ang kapayapaan upang makamit ang pag-unlad. (Peace is a prerequisite to development.)

Ang mabisang pamumuno ay kailangan sa pagtatanggol ng bayan. (Effective leadership is needed in the defense on the country.)

Mahalaga ang tatag ng loob sa panahon ng digmaan o kapayapaan. (Determination is important in times of war and peace.)


During the Filipino-American War, he was the commander-in-chief of the west and southwest sector of the Philippines Revolutionary Army.

He organized Filipino volunteers to form the Maguindanao Battalion.

He led his group to victory in the Battle of Makahambus.

Date of Birth: 1865
Place of Birth: Cagayan de Misamis (now Cagayan de Oro), Misamis Oriental
Date of Death: October 21, 1939

Values Exhibited:

Learning Message:

Kailangan sa pagtatanggol ng isang bansa ang kooperasyon ng mga mamamayan at isang mabuting pinuno. (Cooperation between the people and its leader is important in building a nation.)

Ang buong pusong pakikilahok ay kailangan upang matamo ang kalayaan. (Full commitment is needed to attain independence.)

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From the Centennial Resource Book: Ang mga Pilipino sa Ating Kasaysayan.
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