He was a member of the Espiritu de Candon, a revolutionary group in Candon, Ilocos Sur.

On March 25, 1998, he led the so called Ikkis ti Kandon (Cry of Candon) and drove away the Spaniards from the town. (He then declared the free Republic of Candon.)

He later served in the Philippine Revolutionary Army under Col. Manuel Tinio. He recruited Igorots and led his recruits in the Battle of Caloocan in February, 1899, at the start of the Filipino-American War.

He then became guerilla commander of forces in southern Ilocos under Col. Juan Villamor, where he was later killed by the Americans.

Date of Birth: 1854
Place of Birth: Candon. Ilocos Sur
Date of Death: May 3, 1900

Values Exhibited:

Learning Message:

Ang bansa ay pinatitibay ng pagkakaisa ng mga mamamayan. (Unity strengthens the nation.)


After 1892 to 1896, he studied military organization and warfare in Toledo, Spain.

After the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898, he joined Gen. Antonio Luna's staff as aide-de-camp.

He was in command of the Filipino army in battle of La Loma where he bled to death after a bullet fractured his leg.

Date of Birth: August 28, 1873
Place of Birth: Sala, (now Bugallon), Pangasinan
Date of Death: February 5, 1899

Values Exhibited:

Learning Message:

Ang pagkakaisa ay mahalaga sa pagtatanggol ng bayan. (Unity is important in defending one's country).

Wala nang hihigit pang kadakilaan sa pag-aalay ng buhay sa bayan. (Nothing is nobler than offering one's life to the country).

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From the Centennial Resource Book: Ang mga Pilipino sa Ating Kasaysayan.
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