He was a general of the Cagayan de Oro revolutionaries in a guerilla war against the Americans from 1899 to 1901.

He served both civil and military chief of the revolutionary government in Misamis.

After the war, he was elected member of the Philippine Assembly of 1909.

Date of Birth: January 7, 1864
Place of Birth: Angat, Bulacan
Date of Death: Unrecorded

Values Exhibited:

Learning Message:

Ang buong loob na pakikilahok ay kailangan upang makamit ang kalayaan. (Determined participation is needed to succeed in any undertaking.)

Ang mabuting pamumuno ay kailangan sa pagtatatag ng isang bansa. (Good leadership is needed setting up a free nation.)


He was the prototype of Capitan Tiago in Rizal's Noli Me Tangere.

In 1896, the authorities arrested him for being a filibustero. He was imprisoned in Fort Santiago with brothers Antonio and Juan Luna, among others. His property was confiscated. Spanish authorities extorted money from him for his release. It is believed that his wife, Juana, gained his release after six months with a bag full of jewels given as bribe to the Spanish Officials.

He became the first president of Club Filipino.

He and Mariano Limjap were reouted to be the biggest financiers of the Revolution.

Date of Birth: January 5, 1855
Place of Birth: Manila
Date of Death: April 11, 1903

Values Exhibited:
  Love of peace
Learning Message:

Makamit ang mga reporma sa mapayapang pamamaraan. (Reforms could be obtained through peaceful means.)

Hindi puwedeng manilbihan sa dalawang panginoon nang sabay. (One cannot serve two masters at the same time.)

Ang pangangalakal ay isang mahalagang instrumento para sa pag-unlad na panglipunan at pang-ekonomikal. (Entrepreneurship is a vital instrument for socio-economic progress.)

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From the Centennial Resource Book: Ang mga Pilipino sa Ating Kasaysayan.
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