He organized the first Katipunan group in Tarlac in 1896.

He was one of the signatories of the Malolos Constitution.

He refused to recognize the Pact of Biak-na-Bato and continued his opposition to the Spanish rule. He organized his own government in Central Luzon after the abrogation of the Pact of Biak-na-bato. He even framed his own constitution called the Makabulos Constitution.

Date of Birth: September 17, 1871
Place of Birth: La Paz, Tarlac
Date of Death: April 30, 1922

Values Exhibited:

Learning Message:

Ang mabisang pamumuno at pagkakaisa ay kailangan sa pagtatanggol sa bayan. (Effective leadership and unity are important in defending the country.)


He was commander-in-chief of the revolutionary army of Central Luzon during the first phase of the Philippine Revolution (1896-1897).

He was one of the signatories of the Constitution of Biak-na-bato which established a provinsional revolutionary government.

He died in an encounter with Spanish cazadores in San Fernando, Cabiao, Nueva Ecija.

Date of Birth: June 12, 1871
Place of Birth: Bacolor, Pampanga
Date of Death: November 10, 1897

Values Exhibited:

Learning Message:

Wala nang hihigit pang kadakilaan sa pag-alay ng buhay sa bayan. (Nothing is nobler than offering one's life to the country.)

Ang pag-aalay ng buhay ay maaring kailanganin upang makamit ang kalayaan. (One may need to offer his or her life to attain freedom.)

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