He was Capitan Municipal of Bago, Negros Occidental. He imprisoned in January 1897 for suspicion of supporting the insurrection against Spain.

He was released in October 1897 and joined the revolutionary forces and designated commanding general in Southern Negros.

On November 5, 1898, he raised the Philippine flag and proclaimed the Republic of Negros. However, realizing the destruction of Iloilo by U.S. forces now fighting Filipinos, he accepted American sovereignty.

Date of Birth: July 13, 1852
Place of Birth: Bago, Negros Occidental
Date of Death: October 3, 1924

Values Exhibited:

Learning Message:

Kailangan sa pagtatag ng isang bansa ang kooperasyon ng mga mamamayan, at isang mabuting pinuno. (Cooperation between the people and its leader is important in building a nation.)


During the revolution, he formed a committee whose main objective was to drive the Spaniards out of Panay and the neighboring islands. He also organized a provincial revolutionary government in Sta. Barbara, Iloilo.

He and his comrades were taken prisoners by the Americans and were imprisoned in Iloilo. It was not until March 1901 that he was set free. Throughout his imprisonment, he was placed under strict surveillance, first in Guimaras island, then in Dumangas and finally in Molo. He continued to support the revolutionaries upon his release. He later became a Supreme Court Justice.

Date of Birth: April 1872
Place of Birth: Molo, Iloilo
Date of Death: June 12, 1957

Values Exhibited:

Learning Message:

Kailangan ang pagkakaisa upang makamit ang kalayaan. (Unity is needed to attain freedom.)

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