He followed Rizal's order to keep in his care the papers of La Liga Filipina, a group that wanted changes in the government.

When the revolution erupted, he was arrested and jailed in Fort Santiago. His wife tried to pay for his release, but he scolded her instead, believing that this would be an act of betrayal against his country.

Together with 12 other compatriots, he was shot in Bagumbayan.

Date of Birth: August 4, 1856
Place of Birth: Mambusao, Capiz
Date of Death: January 11, 1897

Values Exhibited:
  Love of Country

Learning Message:

Kailangan sa pagtatag ng isang bansang malaya ang kooperasyon ng mamamayan at mabisang pamumuno. (In setting up a free nation the cooperation of the citizens and an effective leadership are needed.)

Wala nang hihigit pang kadakilaan kaysa pag-aalay ng buhay sa bayan. (No greatness can exceed the offering of one's life to the country.)


He joined the Katipunan in 1896 under Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. He appointed commander general in the Panay expedition. He led the troops that fought courageously against the Americans in Sambag and Tacas, near Jaro, Iloilo.

In 1901, he appointed provincial governor and became a census supervisor for the Visayas in 1903.

Date of Birth: March 13, 1873
Place of Birth: Hamtil, Antique
Date of Death: October 16, 1904

Values Exhibited:

Learning Message:

Ang buong loob na pakikilahok ay kailangan upang makamit ang kalayaan. (Determined participation is needed to succeed in any undertaking.)

Ang paghangad ng kalayaan ay isang karapat-dapat na adhikain. (The pursuit of freedom is a worthwhile goal.)

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From the Centennial Resource Book: Ang mga Pilipino sa Ating Kasaysayan.
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